Design

Created by Myriam Leggieri, @iammyr for Rails Girls Galway The basic guides that have been merged and adapted are the Ruby on Rails Tutorial, the basic RailsGirls app and the tutorials for creating thumbnails, authenticating users, adding design, deploying to OpenShift and adding comments.

Coach: Talk about the relationship between HTML and Rails. What part of views is HTML and what is Embedded Ruby (ERB)? What is MVC and how does this relate to it? (Models and controllers are responsible for generating the HTML views.)

The app doesn’t look very nice yet. Let’s do something about that. We’ll use the Twitter Bootstrap project to give us nicer styling really easily.

Open app/views/layouts/application.html.erb in your text editor and above the line

<%= stylesheet_link_tag "application", media: "all", "data-turbolinks-track" => true %>

add

<link rel="stylesheet" href="//railsgirls.com/assets/bootstrap.css" />
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//railsgirls.com/assets/bootstrap-theme.css" />

and replace

<%= yield %>

with

<div class="container">
  <%= yield %>
</div>

Let’s also add a navigation bar and footer to the layout. In the same file, above <div class="container"> add

<nav class="navbar navbar-default navbar-fixed-top" role="navigation">
  <div class="container">
    <div class="navbar-header">
      <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">
        <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
        <span class="icon-bar"></span>
      </button>
      <a class="navbar-brand" href="/">The Places app</a>
    </div>
    <div class="collapse navbar-collapse">
      <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
        <li class="active"><a href="/places">Places</a></li>
      </ul>
    </div>
  </div>
</nav>

and before </body> add

<footer>
  <div class="container">
    Rails Girls Galway 2014
  </div>
</footer>
<script src="//railsgirls.com/assets/bootstrap.js"></script>

Now let’s also change the styling of the places table. Open app/assets/stylesheets/application.css and at the bottom add

body { padding-top: 100px; }
footer { margin-top: 100px; }
table, td, th { vertical-align: middle; border: none; }
th { border-bottom: 1px solid #DDD; }

Now make sure you saved your files and refresh the browser to see what was changed. You can also change the HTML & CSS further.

In case your Terminal shows you an error message that sort of implies there is something wrong with your JavaScript or CoffeeScript, install nodejs. This issue should not appear when you’ve used the RailsInstaller (but when you’ve installed Rails via gem install rails).

Coach: Talk a little about CSS and layouts.

1.Design your header

2.Design your table

  .container a:hover {
    color: #f55e55;
    text-decoration: none;
    background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);
  }

3.add style to footer

4.add style to button

add these lines to app/assets/stylesheets/places.scss

   .container input[type="submit"] {
      height: 30px;
      font-size: 13px;
      background-color: #f55e55;
      border: none;
      color: #fff;
    }

Coach explain how to use border in css, try modify the style of button like round the corner, add shadow or color etc.

Open app/views/layouts/application.html.erb in your text editor and replace the line

<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://railsgirls.com/assets/bootstrap.css">

with

<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/twitter-bootstrap/2.3.2/css/bootstrap.min.css">

Open app/assets/stylesheets/application.css, replace the line

body { padding-top: 100px; }

with

body { padding-top: 60px; }

Finally, delete the file app/assets/stylesheets/scaffolds.scss because we don’t really need the default style generated by Rails.

Now refresh the page at http://localhost:3000/places. You will not find much change but it’s good preparation for the following steps.

Considering “place” is the most important object in your app, we are going to put the “New Place” button on the navigation bar to make it always available.

Open app/views/layouts/application.html.erb, under the line

<li class="active"><a href="/places">Places</a></li>

add

<li ><%= link_to 'New Place', new_place_path %></li>

Now it’s time to make the place list page look professional. For that, we are going to replace the table layout with a div layout.

Coach: Talk a little about table vs div.

Open app/views/places/index.html.erb in your text editor and replace the table with

<% @places.in_groups_of(3) do |group| %>
  <div class="row">
    <% group.compact.each do |place| %>
      <div class="span4">


       <%= image_tag(place.picture_url, :width => '20%') if place.picture.present? %>
        <h4><%= link_to place.name, place %></h4>
        <%= place.description %>


  <%= place.address %>
  <%= place.latitude %>
<%= place.longitude %>

<%= place.user_id %>
<%= link_to 'Show', place %> |

 <% if user_signed_in? %>
	  <% if current_user.id == place.user_id %></strong>.

<%= link_to 'Edit', edit_place_path(place) %> |
<%= link_to 'Destroy', place, method: :delete, data: { confirm: 'Are you sure?' } %>


	    <% end %>
	<% end %>

      </div>
    <% end %>
  </div>
<% end %>

Coach: Explain what the new code means line by line, and talk a little about Bootstrap 12 grids layout.

Refresh it! We get a nice looking idea list. Click the “New Idea” button, and create more ideas with real text and pretty pictures - the page will look much better with content. There is a principle of contemporary web design: content is the best decoration.

Click the title of a place, and you will be brought to the details page of the place. Now it is still scaffold generated by Rails, so let’s make it better.

Open app/views/places/show.html.erb in your text editor and replace all lines with

<h3>Places created</h3>

<div class="row">
  <div class="span9">
    <%= image_tag(@place.picture_url, :width => "100%") if @place.picture.present? %>
  </div>

  <div class="span3">
    <p><b>Name: </b><%= @place.name %></p>

    <p><b>User Rating as Autism-friendly: </b><%= rating_for @place, "autism_friendly" %></p>
    <p><b>User Overall Rating: </b><%= rating_for @place, "overall" %></p>
    <p>Your <b>Vote as Autism-friendly: </b><%= rating_for_user @place, current_user, "autism_friendly", :star => 7 %></p>
    <p>Your <b>Overall Vote: </b><%= rating_for_user @place, current_user, "autism_friendly", :star => 7 %></p>

    <p><b>Description: </b><%= @place.description %></p>
    <p><b>Address: </b><%= @place.address %></p>
    <p><b>Latitude: </b><%= @place.latitude %></p>
    <p><b>Longitude: </b><%= @place.longitude %></p>
    <p><b>Creator ID: </b><%= @place.user_id %></p>

  <p>
      <%= link_to 'Edit', edit_place_path(@place) %> |
<%= link_to 'Back', places_path %>
    </p>
  </div>
</div>

<h3>Comments</h3>
<% @comments.each do |comment| %>
  <div>
    <strong><%= comment.user_id %></strong>
    <br />
    <p><%= comment.body %></p>

 <% if user_signed_in? %>
	  <% if current_user.id == comment.user_id %>

    <p><%= link_to 'Delete', comment_path(comment), method: :delete, data: { confirm: 'Are you sure?' } %></p>

  <% end %>
	<% end %>

  </div>
<% end %>
<%= render 'comments/form' %>

Continue experimenting with Design changes! ;)